Swarms are the method by which honey bee colonies reproduce. 20-50% of the colony leaves the hive with the old queen, landing within a couple hundred feet of the hive they left from. They usually end up on tree branches, but sometimes they'll decide to land elsewhere, such as on mailboxes, cars, fences, door handles or anything else you can think of. This is only temporary, though, as the colony sends out scouts to find a new, permanent home. This is often a tree cavity, but any sufficiently large and dry cavity is suitable. Honey bees often choose wall cavities in houses because they are safe, dry places in which they can thrive.
Although a "swarm of bees" sounds a bit scary, they are usually completely docile and uninterested in stinging you or your family while swarming. The bees just want to find a new home. Many beekeepers prefer to fill their hives with swarms and go to great effort catching them. Swarms from untended or "feral" colonies of bees often have strong genetics, resistance to parasites, and require little human assistance to thrive. Even better, they’re usually free!
Other insects a like wasps, yellow jackets, and bumble bees are often mistaken for honeybees. A swarm of honeybees have a few distinct features you can look out for. Individual bees have fuzzy black and gold bodies, and the swarm overall will appear as a distinctive, hanging clump. This clumping behavior makes it possible for beekeepers to gently collect and transport the bees.
Portland Urban Beekeepers, Portland's local beekeeping association, maintains a phone tree called the Swarm Hotline:
The swarm hotline will connect you automatically to a local beekeeper who will arrive and collect your swarm without harming the bees. They’ll install the bees into one of their hives and give them a safe home. If the swarm is too high for the beekeeper to safely reach then you can wait until the bees move along on their own.
If you have honeybees living inside you home or other structure, there's still a chance to save the bees! Some beekeepers are also licensed and bonded contractors who can open the building cavity and remove the bees. Please call our store for referrals if you need structural removal services.